Department of Botany

Department of Botany was established in 1919 AD. Initially, the department had conducted I. Sc., as well as B.Sc. Programs, then few years’ latter M.Sc. was run at the department. M.Sc. program was shifted to Central Campus, Kirtipur in November 1967.

At present Associate Professor Mrs. Durga Shakya leading the Department since 2075B.S. There are 18 permanent teaching faculties and 14-part time faculties with 9 non-teaching staffs. There is a very good mutual understanding among different teaching and non-teaching staffs which is playing a major role to run the Department smoothly.

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Department of Chemistry

The department of Chemistry in Tri-Chandra College was established by conducting I. Sc. Classes in 1975 BS. For the first time M. Sc. in Chemistry was launched in 1966 AD in this campus which was later shifted to Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur premises. Due to the pressure of the ever increasing number of students to study.

M. Sc. in Chemistry, the Central Department of Chemistry could not accommodate all the students. The authorities of Tribhuvan University, decided to conduct this program in Tri-Chandra College. Dr. Shiva Ram Vaidya was nominated as coordinator of M. Sc. program on 13th Jestha 2065 BS in the period of Prof. Dr. Hari Pd. Parajuli. An Interaction program was held under the presence of Rector. Prof. Dr. Soorya Lal Amatya. The first orientation was held on 8th Ashad 2065 and classes started after a week with 68 students. Many attempts were made to developed infrastructure but not completed yet.Besides general labor atories, the department has established one research lab for Ph.D. research scholars with the help of Nepal Chemical Society in 2007 AD.

Former Heads of the Department :

  • Prof. Prasanna Man Singh Pradhan
  • Prof. Dhruba Man Singh Amatya
  • Prof. Surendra Singh K.C.
  • Prof. Dr. Shiva Pd. Dhaubadel
  • Prof. Krishna Pd. Pradhan
  • Prof. Shiva Man Joshi
  • Assoc. Prof. Madhusudhan Lal Raj Bhandari
  • Prof. Bimaleshwori Pradhan
  • Assoc. Prof. Prakash Chandra Lama
  • Prof. Shilakanta Lal Karna(Present)

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Department of Environmental Science

Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus started Environmental Science as the subject for the first time in 2054 BS with high aspiration, zeal and enthusiasm of the then faculties who believed that teaching of Environmental Science is a must to cater the needs of the time. They felt that the ongoing environmental scenario of the country could be improved by creating the environment warriors. Prof. Narenda Bahadur Khadka took the lead for the first time and started his tenure as the head of department in the timeline 2054-56. Since 2054 B. Sc., Department of Environmental Science, TC has been creating thousands of environmental warriors who are now working far and wide outside the country and in various nooks and corners of the country. They are serving in the governmental, non- governmental organization, educational institutions and the like. Many are already in the leading position in very reputed organizations as well.

This department started with very few students, small lab rooms, less human resources but now it has an average class size of 300 students, has two laboratories, two classrooms, 6 full time faculties, over 23 part-time faculties and has moderate status of lab equipment. The number of enrollment of students in B.Sc. I year for 2073/074 is more than 750. This rate of enrollment has been steadily increasing from past years.


1. Orientation program is organized in every starting of B.Sc. First, Second, Third and Fourth Years.
2. Project has been achieved from UGC for organizing a workshop on Instrumentation related to B.Sc. practical.

3. B.Sc. Practical Manual (3 years) has been prepared. This activity was funded by Dean Office.

4. A research was carried on Environmental Status of Rani Pokhari, this was funded by Ministry of Science and Technology, jointly with TUTA

5. Department of Environmental Science (DoES), TC has been participating and contributing in preparation and finalization of syllabus of B.Sc.

6. DoES, TC provided training to the volunteers of NRCS on solid waste

7. DoES, TC has been participating and organizing various activities during World Environment Day.

8. DoES, TC is also participating actively and taking lead on preparation of Four year B.Sc. program Practical manual.


Since its establishment six head of departments have already served this department and the current HoD is Mr. Kishor Kumar Maharjan. The new lead of the department anticipates better status of the department, qualified students, energetic and active faculties and is planning accordingly to achieve this aim.
Chronological Order Year Name of Head of Department (HoD)

  • First 2054-2056 Prof. Narendra Bahadur Khadka
  • Second 2056-2060 Prof. Dr. Rejina Maskey
  • Third 2060-2062 Prof. Dr. Sadhana Pradhananga
  • Fourth 2062-2066 Assoc. Prof. Deepak Chhetry Karki
  • Fifth 2066-2070 Assoc Prof. Mukunda Raj Paudel
  • Sixth 2070-2073 Assoc. Prof. Deepak Chhetry Karki
  • Seventh (Current) 2073-till now Asst. Prof. Kishor Kumar Maharjan

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Department of Geology

Geology Department was established in 1967 AD at Tri-Chandra College to teach geology for undergraduate level (B. Sc.), in Ghantagar building. Graduate course (M.Sc. in Geology) was started in 1975 AD in the same Department. Presently, the graduate course is conducted in the Kirtipur Campus, Kirtipur. In the whole country, Tri-Chandra College is the only institution that conducts the undergraduate course in Geology. There are more than 600 geologists graduated from this department. Presently more than 250students are studying for Bachelor in Geology in the department. Every year about 150 students are enrolled in B. Sc. 1st year. There are 15 permanent teaching and 4 non teaching staff working in this department.

Fieldwork and Excursion

Department of Geology organizes the geological fieldwork and field excursions as part of the curriculum. The courses are supervised by senior faculties and also attended occasionally by world renowned geoscientists and visiting faculties. During the field works students get an opportunity to reveal their own hidden potentiality and adopt themselves in an entirely new environment. The following programs are included in the course.

  • Field excursion (B. Sc. II Year): 1-day fieldwork in Chovar area,Kathmandu District.
  • Fieldwork (B. Sc. III Year): 15-days fieldwork in Malekhu area, Dhading District.
  • Fieldwork (B. Sc. IV Year):28-days fieldwork in Butwal-Palpa-Tansen area, Rupandehi-Palpa Syanja districts.
  • Department of Geology has its own land (two ropanies) building (fi ve room with onestory) at Malekhu, Dhading and at Masyam, Palpa 2 ropanies land with three storiesbuilding). These buildings are used during the fieldworks.
M. Sc in Engineering Geology

Considering the high demand of engineering geologists to build hydropower, dam, irrigation project, drinking water project, high speed highway and railways, Tribhuvan University has given permission to conduct M. Sc. Engineering Geology at Tri-Chandra College. The first batch was enrolled in 2016.

Availability of Scholarship

In addition to the scholarships administered by Tri-Chandra College, the Department has established a fund to provide scholarships to outstanding and diligent student studying geology. Besides Department’s own Fund, Naoumura Education Foundation, Japan in association with the Department of Geology is also providing scholarships to Geology studying students since last 10 years. More than 120 students have been honored by this Scholarship. Every year about one hundred fifty thousand rupees (Rs. 1, 50, 000) is distributed to the outstanding students.

Students’ Oriented Activities
  •  The Geology Department is basically a teaching and research oriented department. This department has played an important role to provide the quality education to the students and has always tried to maintain the global standard of education for students by using the modern techniques of teaching and research.
  • The faculty members are actively engaged in researches and publish the scientific contributions in national and international journals. The department has done the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with different universities of USA, Japan and France to conduct joint research works and is conducting the researches in different disciplines. Recently, the department conducted a research in Langtang Valley on climate changes in collaboration with Ministry of Environment, Government of Nepal.
  • The Department has published guidebooks on geology, natural hazards for students, teachers, scientists and Himalayan trekkers highlighting the geological information found along the Kaligandaki Valley and Lukla-Everest tracking route. It has already published four series of guidebooks in collaboration with JICA, Nepal and Gondwana Institute of Environment, Japan.
  • The Department in collaboration with NAST regularly organizes training courses for high school science teachers. Introductory courses on Geology and Astronomy are taught to the teachers.
  • The Department organizes the geological excursions for the teachers, geologists of different universities of different countries. Teachers and geologists from Japan and Italy recently participated in these excursions along the Kaligandaki valley, Langtang valley and Everest area.
  •  The Department regularly organizes the scientific talk programs for the teachers and students. The geoscientists of Nepal and foreign countries are invited to deliver the scientific talks. Scientists from Japan, USA, and France have already delivered the lectures in different disciplines of geology in recent years. This year Dr. Simon Löw, Professor and Chair for Engineering Geology, Institute of Geology, ETH Zürich, Switzerland conducted a workshop on “Underground Excavation” for Geology 3rd year students. During the workshop, students were taken to observe tunnel construction work at Sundarijal (Melamchi Water Supply Project).
  • The Department organizes the student exchange program with the students of universities of foreign countries. The students from Kent State University and Uttha Valley University, USA and students of Department of Geology have jointly participated in the field excursion for scientific research.
  • The Department conducts the professional training courses. In collaboration with MENRIS, ICIMOD this department had already conducted a 5 week professional training courses on “Application of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing to Slope Instability Analysis and Hazard Mapping.” ICIMOD is providing capacity development training to the faculty members and capacity development support to the department.
  •  The Department organizes geological exhibition on a regular basis every year aiming at the High School students. The Geological Student’s Society,an association of geology studying students at Tri-Chandra College, actively participates to make this exhibition successful. The campus administration and University Grand Commission (UGS) provide the support to success this program.

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Department of Mathematics

Mathematics is an interesting and vital subject that serves as the foundation for physical sciences and technology. Its importance is growing in many fields, including business, finance, management, engineering, information technology, biology, medicine, and many social sciences.

The department of Mathematics was established in 1918 AD, the same year as the Tri-Chandra Campus (1975 BS). This department has been running a successful Bachelor’s level program for B.A. / B.Sc. in Mathematics. Since 2076 BS, the department of Mathematics has been conducting project work for interested students in the fourth year of four years B.Sc. program as an elective subject in Mathematics to develop curiosity and explore new useful things in the actual world so that a society may benefit. Students have achieved amazing results in a short period of time.

We have well-trained academic members with teaching and research expertise. This department now contains four Associate Professors, sixteen Assistant Professors, four Teaching Assistants, and six part-time teachers. Among them, seven have finished M.Phil. Programs, two have completed Ph.D. degree, and five are Ph.D. research scholars. Associate Prof. Ananda Prasad Panta is the current head of the department of Mathematics at Tri-Chandra.

This department has remarkable achievement from the past 10 decades. All of the recognized teachers, and staffs have equally contributed to the department’s outstanding foundation. Many leaders have demonstrated great efforts in their individual legacies throughout the accomplishment of this milestone. It is an honor to memorialize our late representatives as well as addressing our current members of the department, as illustrated below.

  • Late Prof.Aashutosh Ganguly (Campus Chief, Nationality-Indian)
  • Late Prof. Mitra Nath Devkota (Campus Chief)


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Department of Meteorology

Meteorology is the scientific study of the earth’s atmosphere and its phenomena. The word “meteorology” is from Greek metéōros, “lofty; high (in the sky)” and logos, “discourse”. Meteorology embraces both WEATHER and CLIMATE and is concerned with the physical, dynamical and chemical state of the earth’s atmosphere, and with the interactions between the earth’s atmosphere and the underlying surface. WEATHER is the changing atmospheric conditions, more especially as they affect humans. Weather phenomena are notoriously irregular, but atmospheric data averaged over a month or so usually behave in a more regular manner. CLIMATE refers to the state of the atmosphere on longer time scales, typically averaged over several years or more. The main climatic elements are precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind velocity, and such phenomena as fog, frost, thunder, cloudiness and surface temperature.

Department of Meteorology (here after DoM) was established in 1973 AD in Tri- Chandra Multiple Campus for Bachelors level study. Professor Suresh Raj Chalise (former Dean of the Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University) was the main initiator and contributor for the establishment of DoM. It has been more than four decades since DoM has been part of Tri-Chandra College. Until now, this is the only Department in Nepal where B.Sc. Meteorology and Hydrology course is available. In the beginning (1973-1995) two years B.Sc. was offered, and since 1996 three years B.Sc. has been introduced. Similarly, four years B.Sc. course was started since August/Sepetmber 2014 to meet international standard. The B.Sc. course is designed to provide students with in-depth knowledge in the subject and meet the growing need for skilled manpower in the nation especially for teaching, research and operational works in meteorology and hydrology. M.Sc. Meteorology course is also available at TU, Kirtipur since 1988.

Objectives of B.Sc. Meteorology course:

  •  To meet the professional needs of skilled manpower in the field of meteorology (also hydrology) in the context of geographical situation and scientific development of Nepal.
  • To provide basic to advanced knowledge to the students according to recent trends and development of the subject throughout the world.
  • To enable the students to perform research and development works in their field of specialization.

Importance and Scope of Meteorology and Hydrology

Meteorology is very important for our daily lives. Almost all social, industrial, agricultural, commercial, transports activities etc., directly or indirectly, are affected by weather and climate. The atmosphere affects and sustains human life, animal, micro- organisms, insects, pests, plants, forests and marine plants/animals at all times during every stage of growth and development. Meteorology has therefore, greatest scope on every human enterprise in the modern Life. Meteorology and hydrology compose the interdisciplinary field of hydrometeorology.

Hydrometeorology is the branch of meteorology that deals with the hydrologic cycle, the water budget, and the rainfall statistics of storms. A hydro-meteorologist prepares and issues forecasts of accumulating (quantitative) precipitation, heavy rain, heavy snow, and highlights areas with the potential for flash flooding. Practical knowledge of meteorological and hydrological processes are of prime importance in the field of agricultural development, water resources management and development, medicine, public health, tourism industry, aviation operation telecommunication system, etc. In the field of agriculture, weather forecasting for immediate future is essential for its successful operation.

Identification of climates (climatic maps) helps to systematic plantation of crops, vegetables, fruits and medicinal plants for optimum yields. Similarly, meteorology and hydrology are considered as most important and influential factors for the development of water resource projects as well as in the work of flood forecasting. Meteorological and hydrological studies are crucial for a Himalayan country like Nepal as snow and glaciers are the base for water resources, and development of glacial lakes and occasional lake-burst (Glacial Lake Outburst Flood: GLOF) are common phenomena in the Himalayan region of Nepal. Since tourism industry is a key factor in the generation of foreign currency in Nepal, its efficient planning is essential for boosting national economy, which is also strongly controlled by weather and climates.

Graduate students from this department have been engaged in various national and international sectors such as Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM), Ministry of Environment, Government of Nepal; Tribhuvan University (TU); Kathmandu University (KU); Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST); International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) etc. The DoM has been involved in various national and international research initiatives particularly on glaciology; snow and glacier hydrology, e.g. Glaciological Expedition in Nepal (GEN 1981-83, 1985-86).

DoM’s Renewed Commitment

We help our students to acquire both theoretical and practical knowledge emphasizing the application of Meteorology on agriculture, water resources, aviation and environment through teaching and research. Recently, DoM endeavors to involve B.Sc. 4th year students to research based project work to make them competent in currently emerging climate related issues, such as climate change and its impact on water resources, energy, agriculture, forestry, biodiversity and health.

Former Heads of Department

  •  Prof. Suresh Raj Chalise
  •  Prof. Dr. Bidur Prasad Upadhayaya
  •  Prof. Khadga Bahadur Thapa
  • Assoc. Prof. Dhruba Das Mulmi
  •  Prof. Rupak Raj Bhandari
  • Asst. Prof. Kedar Koirala
  •  Asst. Prof. Dhiraj Pradhananga
  • Asst. Prof. Narayan Prasad Gautam
  •  Prof. Dr. Sunil Adhikary

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Department of Microbiology

Microbiology department, a pioneer of microbiology studies in Nepal established in Tri- Chandra College, has been successfully conducting Bachelor’s and Master’s level in microbiology. This department was established in 2036 BS conducting bachelor level with the aim of producing competent microbiologists. In 2066 BS, M. Sc. level course in Microbiology (Medical) under yearly system was commenced in this department and later in 2071, M. Sc. Microbiology Program under semester system was launched.

Under this program, two disciplines, Medical and Agriculture Microbiology were conducted in 2071/2073 batch and another discipline Public Health Microbiology was introduced from 2072/2073 batch.

The teaching learning process is up to the international standard in this department. The department has been served by 9 dedicated fulltime faculties, few part time teachers and 6 non teaching staff.

This department has been pulling scores of students as the degree awarded has been attractive and regarded as a focal point of applied science. After acquiring a microbiology degree one can continue his/her studies to various disciplines related to microbiology and other courses. From our department, many of the students are persuading Masters’ as well as Ph.D. degree with full scholarships abroad.

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Department of Physics

Prof. Ashutosh Sen had been specially invited from India to begin the Intermediate of Science (I. Sc.) Program here at Tri-Chandra College, Ghantaghar. One year later, this was expanded with the official addition of the two-year Bachelor of Science (B.Sc. Program) in Physics in the premises of this college. However, it was not until 2021 BS when the Department of Physics, with Prof. Phanindra Prasad Lohani as the first Head of Department, was formerly established here in Tri-Chandra College. With the establishment of the Department of Physics, the Post Graduate/Masters level program was duly initiated. Later on, when Tri-Chandra College became affiliated to The Tribhuvan University, the Central Department of Physics shifted into the premises of Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu in 2023 BS.

The present 4 year B.Sc. Program has been running since 2069 BS and currently, there are almost five hundred students in their final year. Since the establishment of 4-year B.Sc. Program with the inclusion of final year projects, students have done outstanding works in such short times, and published several papers in international journals. Furthermore, many of them have expressed their desire to continue their study in M.Sc. Physics here in Tri-Chandra College. Unfortunately, the M.Sc. Physics Program is currently unavailable herein Tri-Chandra College. However, we the faculty, are seeking to start the M.Sc. program soon, and thus cater to the needs of our students and help produce highly qualified Scientists and Professionals to the betterment of our county. We are and have always been sincerely committed to maintaining high standards on our programs.

Presently, there are 38 permanent faculty members and additional 6 staff members in the Department of Physics here in Tri-Chandra College. The 38 faculty members comprise of 2 Professors, 7 Associate Professors, 26 Assistant Professors, and 3 Teaching Assistants. The current Head of Department of Physics in Tri-Chandra College is Prof. Dr. Nilam Shrestha Pradhan.

Former Faculties of Department:

  • Prof. Ram Dev Manandhar
  • Prof. Uma Prasad Shrestha
  • Assoc. Prof. Nirmal Pd. Shrestha
  •  Prof. Rabindra Nath Adhikari
  •  Assoc. Prof. Mukunda Maskey
  •  Padma Shakya
  •  Bidur Prasad Upadhyaya
  • Dhurba Das Mulmi
  •  Khadka Bahadur Thapa
  •  Umesh Chandra Lal Das
  •  Kamal Nayan Rauniyar
  •  Assoc. Prof. Basanta Gautam
  •  Gajendra Man Suwal
  •  Prof. Dr. Mukunda Mani Aryal
  •  Asst. Prof. Vijaya Shrestha (USA)
  • Prof. Dr. Pradeep Kumar Bhattarai (Transferred to PK Campus)
  • Prof. Dr. Bal Krishna Sapkota (Transfered to Engineering Campus.
  •  Prof. Dr. Jeevan Jyoti Nakarmi (Transferred to CDP)
  •  Assoc Prof. Shreedhar Ram Joshi
  •  Assoc. Prof. Gyan Bahadur Shrestha (Transferred to Patan M. Campus)
  •  Brayan Platel
  •  Birendra Sharma
  •  Mrs. Neelam Pradhan
  •  Binaya Shrestha
  • Gajendra Man Suwal
  • Dr. Raj Kumar Rai
  •  Dr. Prem Basnet (Canada)
  •  Dr. Sunil Sharma (USA)
  •  Dr. Gyanu Raman Acharya (USA)
  •  Prof. Dr. Ram Prasad Regmi (Transfered to CDP)
  •  Dr. Gopi Chandra Kafl e (Transferred to CDP)
  •  Ram Prasad Dhungana
  • Ashok Kumar Shah
  •  Dr. Ram Chandra Rai

Balaram Joshi has built a Vande Graff Generator in this departments and demonstrated in the Science Exhibition held in the department. He was intended to establish a center like Bhava Atomic Center in Mumbai.

Former Heads

  • Prof. Ashutosh Sen                                Starting-2012
  • Prof. Phanindra Prasad Lohani          2012-2016 &  2016-2019
  • Prof. Dr. Shanker Prasad Pradhan    2019-2022 &  2022-2025
  • Prof. Dr. Balaram Joshi                       2025-2028
  • Prof. Jagadishor M. Pradhan             2028-2031
  • Prof. Dr. Chaitanya Bdr. Shrestha     2031-2039 & 2042-2048
  • Assoc. Prof. Uttam Lal Pradhan        2039 2042, 2048-2051,2055-2058
  • Prof. Durga Devi Basnet 2051 Ashar-2051 Falgun
  • Assoc. Prof. Surendra Pd. Shrestha 2051-2054
  • Asst. Prof. Madhu Sudan Ojha 2054-2055
  • Prof. Dr. Shanker Saran Karki 2058-2061
  • Prof. Dr. Bimal Prasad Karki 2061-2071 Ashoj
  • Prof. Dr. Nilam Shrestha Pradhan 071-Present

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Department of Zoology

Tri-Chandra College was established in 1975, Bhadra 12 (August 1, 1918) (Door of classroom were opened on 5th of Bhadra), with IA. After one year of the establishment of the college, the I. Sc. was launched from 1976 . The curriculum was that of Patna University for 41 years. BA was started from 1981 BS and B. Sc. From 2004 BS.

Former Heads of the Department :

  • Prof. Shiva Shanker Singh
  • Prof. Dwij Raj Upreti
  • Prof. Dirgha Man Baniya
  •  Prof. Dr. Chandra Prasad Gorkhali
  • Prof. Prem Lata Tuladhar
  •  Assoc. Prof. Dr. Krishna Chandra Shrestha
  •  Prof. Gita Shah
  •  Assoc. Prof. Sarita Patrabansha
  •  Prof. Dr. Mala Masker
  •  Assoc. Prof. Madan Prasad Kushwaha
  •  Assoc. Prof. Ananda Prasad Pradhan
  • Assoc. Prof. Chandra Lal Joshi
  •  Prof. Dr. Surya Ratna Gubaju
  •  Prof. Dr. Shree Prasad Dhaubhadel
  •  Prof. Dr. Geeta Sharma Acharya (Present)

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Departments of Statistics

Statistics as a lateral course in Bachelor level started in Nepal during mid fifty in commerce faculty. In Science faculty that produces manpower in the field of Statistics for entire country, Statistics as Vertical course started in 1965 introducing 2-year B. Sc. at Tri-Chandra College. These days, across the country, more than dozen TU affiliated colleges provide core education in Statistics in bachelor level. So this Statistics Department is more than half century old.

Prominent Statisticians working in and around the world from Nepal are mostly educated from prestigious Department of Statistics of Tri Chandra Multiple Campus. It continuously carried its glorious legacy of imparting Statistical Knowledge underabled leadership of following Head of Departments.

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Humanities and Social Sciences

Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus is offering morning, day and evening shifts in various courses in Science and Technology, and Humanities and Social Sciences of the Tribhuvan University for Bachelors and Masters level studies.

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Science and Technology

Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus is offering morning, day and evening shifts in various courses in Science and Technology, and Humanities and Social Sciences of the Tribhuvan University for Bachelors and Masters level studies.

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